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"Lu Palamientu" of Giovanni

By the 1990’s, the Gianfreda family already possessed the biggest "palmento" of Torricella, this  structure which was approximately 400m2. The millstone, "palamientu" in Puglia, was the first and oldest form of organised cellars. Here, everything was managed manually, in the complex system of great barrels placed on different levels and were connected to each other, from the treading of the grapes, which were pressed by foot,  to the fermentation of the must and to the racking.
The casks of wine, together with all those of the other wine millstones in the area, were transported by wagons, the "travini", to the railway station in Manduria. From there, all the wine from the area was transported to the North: its name, "Red wine of Manduria", comes from this particular event.
Giovanni, Costantino’s father, passed on the traditional methods and secrets of winemaking of his wine millstone to his nephew Cosimo. But everything changed for the farmers when, at the end of the 50’s, the productions systems became mechanical, and it became useless for them to continue producing in their "palmenti", and they soon became abandoned. Cosimo decided to continue with his own business started by his grandfather and to build for himself a new mechanical cellar, side by side with his wife Emanuela who brought with her as a dowery some "capasuni", the typical big anphors in which people preserved wine, coming from her family's wine millstone.
One of these "capasuni" is still present today and has the initials of Emanuela’s father ‘G.M’. This is a small treasure that bears witness to the intertwined history of winemaking by the family. Here still lies the last aging process of a part of the Jorche wines in a symbolic and concrete continuation of the past.


L'ospitalità ANTICA MASSERIA
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